ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื”ื”ื›ื ื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื˜ื™ื—

ืจื•ืฆื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ืฆืขืช ืžื—ื™ืจ ืžืื—ื“ ื”ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืžื•ืžืœืฆื™ื ืฉืœื ื•?
ื”ืฉืื™ืจื• ืœื ื• ืคืจื˜ื™ื.

ืžืืฉืจ/ืช ืงื‘ืœืช ืขื“ื›ื•ื ื™ื

ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืื• ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืชื’ืžืœ ื•ืžืกืคืง ืžืื•ื“ ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืื™ืฉื™, ืื‘ืœ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ื•ืœื ืคืฉื•ื˜. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื, ื•ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื ืจืื” ื›ื‘ืจ ื›ืžืขื˜ ื’ืžื•ืจ ื•ืฉืœื, ื ืจืื” ืฉืืคืฉืจ ืœืขื’ืœ ืคื™ื ื•ืช, ืœืงืฆืจ ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ื•ืœื–ืจื– ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช. ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ, ื”ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื ืคื—ื•ืช, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ืชืงื‘ืœื• ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ื”ืืกืชื˜ื™ ื•ื”ื‘ื˜ื™ื—ื•ืชื™ ืฉื“ืžื™ื™ื ืชื ืœืขืฆืžื›ื – ื”ืจื™ ืขื‘ื“ืชื ืžืื•ื“ ืงืฉื” ืœืงืจืืชื•, ื•ืฉื™ืœืžืชื ืขืœื™ื• ืœื ืžืขื˜.

ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื˜ื™ื— ืœื ื™ื•ืฆื ื“ื•ืคืŸ ื‘ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ื”ื–ื”. ืืชื ืฉืžื—ื™ื ื‘ื•ื•ื“ืื™ ืฉื”ื’ืขืชื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžืชืงื“ื ื•ืืชื ืจื’ืข ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื’ืžืจ. ืื‘ืœ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ืจื’ืข. ื”ืžื˜ืจื” ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื™ื ืœื”ืขื ื™ืง ืœืงื™ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื™ืžื•ืจ ื”ืกื•ืคื™ ืฉืœื• ื•ืœื—ื–ืง ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื‘ื ื™ืชื ืืช ื”ืฉืœื“. ืœื›ืื•ืจื”, ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืœืžืจื•ื— ืื•ืชื• ืขืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ. ื‘ืคื•ืขืœ, ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืื•ื“ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ, ื•ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืื•ืชืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ืฆืข ืขื•ื“ ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ืชื—ืœืชื™. ื›ืœ ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ, ื›ืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ ื•ื›ืœ ืกื˜ื™ื™ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื‘ื–ื‘ื•ื– ื–ืžืŸ, ืขืœื•ื™ื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืžื” ืฉืฆื™ืคื™ืชื, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืคื’ื™ืขื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ื‘ืžื‘ื ื”.ย 

ื›ืืŸ ืจื™ื›ื–ื ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจื›ื ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ื›ืฉืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžื‘ื ื” ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื˜ื™ื—. ืื™ื–ื” ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ืขืฆืžื›ื, ื•ืื™ื–ื” ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ื™ื‘ื•ืฆืขื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื˜ื™ื™ื— ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™? ืœืื™ื–ื” ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื ื•ืกืคื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœืคื ื•ืช? ืื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื—? ื›ืœ ื–ื” ื•ืขื•ื“ ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš.

ืงืฆืช ืจืงืข - ืžื”ื• ื˜ื™ื—, ื•ืœืžื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืฆืจื™ืš ืื•ืชื•?

ืœื ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ืกื•ื’ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืจืฆื•ื™, ืื• ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื”ื ื“ืจืฉืช, ืื ืœื ืชื›ื™ืจื• ืืช ื”ื‘ืกื™ืก – ื”ืชืคืงื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื•ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืฉื•ื ื™ื.

ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื•ื ื—ื•ืžืจ ื”ืžื›ืกื” ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ืื• ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื, ืฉืžื”ื•ื•ื™ื ืืช ื‘ืกื™ืก ื”ืžื‘ื ื”. ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžืฆื•ื ืื•ืชื• ืœื ืจืง ื‘ืงื™ืจื•ืช, ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื ืื• ืคื ื™ืžื™ื™ื, ืืœื ื’ื ื‘ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื•ืชืงืจื•ืช. ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื•ื ืื—ื“ ืžื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ืฉืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœืฆื•ืจืš ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื’ืžืจ ื‘ืขืช ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”.

ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจ ืจื‘ ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉื™. ืœื˜ื™ื— ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืžื˜ืจื•ืช: ืจืืฉื™ืช, ืื™ื˜ื•ื ืžืคื ื™ ื—ื“ื™ืจื” ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ, ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ื’ื ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ื–ืืช ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืœืื™ื˜ื•ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืืœืžื ื˜ื™ื ื ื•ืกืคื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืื‘ืง ื•ื—ืจืงื™ื. ืฉื ื™ืช, ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื›ื•ืœื ืžื•ืœืงื•ืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื•ื•ื™ืจ, ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžื‘ื•ื“ื“ ืžืคื ื™ ื˜ืžืคืจื˜ื•ืจื” ื•ืจืขืฉ. ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช, ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืžืงืฉืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ, ื‘ื™ืŸ ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื, ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ืื• ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืงืœื”, ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื›ื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื‘ืข ืฉืขืชื™ื“ื” ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืื•ืชื”. ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืฉื›ื‘ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ืกื•ืชืžื™ื ื—ืจื™ืฆื™ื ื‘ืงื™ืจ, ืžื™ื™ืฉืจื™ื ื‘ืœื™ื˜ื•ืช ื•ื‘ื›ืš ืžืกืคืงื™ื ืžืฉื˜ื— ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ืฉืจ, ื•ื–ื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื ืจืง ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืืกืชื˜ื™ืช ืืœื ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืคื•ื ืงืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™ืช. ืจืง ืื–, ืืคืฉืจ ืœืžืจื•ื— ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ื— ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช ืฆื‘ืข.

ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืžื’ื™ืข ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืžืกื™ื™ืžื™ื ืขื ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœื“. ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืชื”ื™ื” ืงื˜ื ื”, ืขืœ ื”ืฉืœื“ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืคื•ืœืก ื•ื™ืฉืจ.

ืžืžื” ื‘ื ื•ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™?

ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืขื‘ืจ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ื”ืฉื ื™ื, ืžืื– ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ื• ื‘ืžืฆืจื™ื ื”ืขืชื™ืงื”. ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืชืจื›ื•ื‘ืช ืฉืžื›ื™ืœื” ืžืœื˜, ืกื™ื“ ืื• ื’ื‘ืก, ื•ืื’ืจื’ื˜ ื“ืง, ื›ืžื• ื—ื•ืœ ืžื›ื•ื ื” ืื• ื—ื•ืœ ื™ื. ืžื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ืžื™ื ื•ื ื™ื ืžื“ื•ื™ืงื™ื, ืžืขืจื‘ื‘ื™ื ืขื ืžื™ื, ื•ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืขื™ืกื”, ืฉื ืฉืžืจืช ืœื—ื” ื•ื’ืžื™ืฉื” ื›ืœ ืขื•ื“ ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ืื™ืชื”. ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืžื•ืจื—ื™ื ืื•ืชื” ืขืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ, ื ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœื” ืœื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืžืกืคืจ ื™ืžื™ื.

ืื™ื–ื” ืกื•ื’ื™ ื˜ื™ื— ืžืจื›ื–ื™ื™ื ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื?

ื ื”ื•ื’ ืœื—ืœืง ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืœืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ื: ื˜ื™ื— ื—ื•ืฅ ื•ื˜ื™ื— ืคื ื™ื. ื˜ื™ื— ื—ื•ืฅ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืžืฆืžื ื˜ ืคื•ืจื˜ืœื ื“, ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืœื ืžืื‘ื“ ืžื”ื—ื•ื–ืง ื”ืžื‘ื ื™ ืฉืœื• ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ื ืคื’ืฉ ืขื ืžื™ื. ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืžื•ืจื—ื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื‘ื ื”. ื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ื‘ื™ื“ื•ื“ ืชืจืžื™ ื•ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™, ื•ืžืกืคืง ื”ื’ื ื” ืžืคื ื™ ืคื’ืขื™ ืžื–ืง ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ.

ื˜ื™ื— ืคื ื™ื ืืžื•ืจ ืœื‘ื•ื“ื“ ื•ืœืื˜ื•ื ืืช ื—ืœืœ ื”ืคื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืžื‘ื ื”. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื”ื•ื ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืฉื›ื‘ืช ืงื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœืฉื›ื‘ืช ื”ืฆื‘ืข, ื•ืžืขื ื™ืง ืžืจืื” ืื—ื™ื“, ืžื™ื•ืฉืจ ื•ื—ืœืง ืœืงื™ืจื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ื.

ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืœ ืื—ื“ ืžื”ืกื•ื’ื™ื ื”ื›ืœืœื™ื™ื ื”ืืœื”, ื™ืฉ ืขื•ื“ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื—, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ืจื›ื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื, ื•ื“ืจื›ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื•ืช ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ืื™ืชื. ืขื™ื‘ืจื• ืขืœ ื”ืชื›ื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื, ื•ื”ื›ื™ืจื• ืื•ืชื ืœืขื•ืžืง, ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืชืขื‘ืจื• ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ื‘ื: ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืกื•ื’ ื•ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืจืฆื•ื™.

ืื™ืš ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ืืช ืกื•ื’ ื•ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืจืฆื•ื™?

ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืขื‘ืจืชื ืขืœ ืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ืกื•ื’ ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœื›ื, ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืืกืชื˜ื™ืช, ื•ื’ื ืžื‘ื—ื™ื ืช ื”ื“ืจื™ืฉื•ืช ื”ืคื™ื–ื™ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื‘ืขื•ืช ืžืชื ืื™ ื”ืžื‘ื ื”, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื”ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืžืžื ื• ื”ื•ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ื•ืชื ืื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ.

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ื›ื™ ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ืช, ืฉืื™ืŸ ืœืงื—ืช ืœื‘ื“, ืขืœ ื“ืขืช ืขืฆืžื›ื. ืžื™ ืฉืžื—ืœื™ื˜ื™ื ื‘ื ื•ืฉื, ืœืฆื™ื“ื›ื, ื”ื ืžื”ื ื“ืก ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ, ื‘ื™ื—ื“ ืขื ื”ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ, ืžืคืงื— ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื•ืงื‘ืœืŸ ื”ื˜ื™ื—. ื›ืœ ืืœื” ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ื”ืขื“ืคื•ืช ืฉืœื›ื. ื”ืื ืืชื ืžืขื•ื ื™ื™ื ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ื“ื•ืจ ืชืจืžื™ ืื• ืืงื•ืกื˜ื™, ืœืžืฉืœ? ื–ืืช ืœืฆื“ ืฉื™ืงื•ืœื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื, ืื•ื‘ื™ื™ืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ื™ื ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื›ืžื• ืกื•ื’ ื•ืขื•ื‘ื™ ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช, ืกื•ื’ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”, ืื•ืคื™ ืชื ืื™ ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ, ื”ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ื’ืข ืœืกื•ื’ ื”ื’ืžืจ ืœืงื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ, ื•ื›ื•’.

ืื™ืš ื“ื•ืื’ื™ื ืžืจืืฉ ืฉื”ื˜ื™ื— ื™ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืœื?

ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉื”ื”ืจื›ื‘ ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื•ืื•ืคืŸ ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ื ืฉืœื• ื™ืขืžื•ื“ ื‘ืชืงืŸ ื”ื™ืฉืจืืœื™ 1920, ื”ืงื•ื‘ืข ืืช ื”ืชื ืื™ื ื”ื‘ืกื™ืกื™ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื˜ื™ื— ืื™ื›ื•ืชื™.

ื”ืชื ืื™ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื™ื™ืฉื•ื (ืžืจื™ื—ืช) ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื›ื—ืœืง ืžืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช ื”ื’ืžืจ 28 ื™ื•ื ืœืื—ืจ ืกื™ื•ื ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืฉืœื“ ื‘ืžื‘ื ื”, ื•ืœืขืชื™ื ืžืกื™ื•ื ื™ืฆื™ืงืช ื”ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ. ืœืžื” ืœื—ื›ื•ืช ื›ืžืขื˜ ื—ื•ื“ืฉ? ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืกื“ืงื™ื ื‘ื˜ื™ื—, ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืœื›ืš ืฉืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื™ื ื•ืชืงื• ืžื”ืชืฉืชื™ืช, ื•ื™ื—ื“ืจื• ืžื™ื ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืžื‘ื ื”.

ืฉื ื™ืช, ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื‘ื—ืจืชื ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืžืชืื™ื ืœื›ื, ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœืชื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืืชื•. ื—ืœืง ืžืกื•ื’ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื›ื™ืŸ ืžืจืืฉ ื•ืœื”ื‘ื™ื ืื•ืชื ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืืชืจ ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ื—ืœืง ืื—ืจ ืžื™ื™ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืืชืจ ืขืฆืžื•.

ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ืช, ื”ืจื›ื‘ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื›ื™ืœ 5% ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืกื™ื ื˜ื˜ื™ื™ื ืžืกืš ื”ื—ื•ืžืจ, ื•ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขืœ ืžืจืงื ืื—ื™ื“ ื•ื”ื•ืžื•ื’ื ื™. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืฉื›ืืฉืจ ืžืจื›ื™ื‘ื™ื ื˜ื™ื—, ื›ืœ ื”ืชื•ืกืคื™ื ืžืฉืชืœื‘ื™ื ืืœื” ื‘ืืœื”, ื•ืœื ืกื•ืชืจื™ื ืื• ืžื ื˜ืจืœื™ื ื–ื” ืืช ื–ื”. ย 

ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช, ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื‘ื™ ืฉื ืข ื‘ื™ืŸ 8-5 ืž”ืž. ื›ืœ ื”ืงื™ืจ ืžื›ื•ืกื” ื‘ืฉืชื™ ืฉื›ื‘ื•ืช. ื‘ื˜ื™ื— ืคื ื™ื, ืžื•ืกื™ืคื™ื ื’ื ืฉืœื™ื›ื˜. ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื›ื™ื ื™ื ืืช ื”ื›ืžื•ืช ื”ื“ืจื•ืฉื” ืžืจืืฉ.

ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืžื ื•ืกื”, ืฉื™ื•ื“ืข ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืขื•ืฉื”. ืื™ืฉ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœื›ื ื•ืœืžื‘ื ื” ืฉืœื›ื, ื™ื“ืข ืœื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืื™ื›ื•ื™ื•ืชื™ื• ื•ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืกื‘ื™ื‘ื”, ืœืื•ืจืš ื›ืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ืขื“ ืกื•ืคื•, ื•ื™ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขืœ ืžื‘ื ื” ืืกืชื˜ื™ ื•ืžืขื ื” ืคื•ื ืงืฆื™ื•ื ืœื™, ื”ืจื‘ื” ืฉื ื™ื ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ.ย 

ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืœืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ

ื™ืžื™ื ื—ืžื™ื ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื˜ื™ื—, ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื–ืจื– ืืช ื”ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ ืฉืœื•, ื•ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื”ื•ืคืขื” ืฉืœ ืกื“ืงื™ื. ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื”, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืฆื‘ ื›ื–ื”, ื™ื•ื ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ื”ืจื˜ื™ื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื›ืš ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ืœื—ื™ื ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื˜ื™ื—. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘, ื’ื ื™ืžื™ื ื’ืฉื•ืžื™ื ืœื ื˜ื•ื‘ื™ื ืœื˜ื™ื—.

ืขืจื›ื• ืกืจื™ืงื” ืžืขืžื™ืงื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช

ื‘ื—ืจืชื ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ืžื–ื’ ื”ืื•ื•ื™ืจ ืžืชืื™ื, ืืชื ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื•ื›ื ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื•ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืžื” ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš. ืื– ืžื” ืขื›ืฉื™ื•?

ื”ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ, ื•ื”ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ, ืื•ืชื• ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืžื•ืจื—ื™ื ืืช ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ื”ื•ื ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื‘ืงืคื“ื ื•ืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ื—ื™ื ื”ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืžืฆืืชื ื—ื•ืจื™ื, ื‘ืœื™ื˜ื•ืช ืื• ืฉืงืขื™ื, ืฉื”ื•ืคื™ืขื• ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื”ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื™ื‘ืฉ? ืชืงื ื• ืื•ืชื ืžื™ื“. ืืช ื”ืฉืงืขื™ื ืืคืฉืจ ืœืžืœื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืืงืจื™ืœ, ืฉื™ื—ื–ืง ืืช ื”ืื—ื™ื“ื•ืช ื•ืืช ื”ืขืžื™ื“ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžืฉื˜ื—.

ื”ื›ื™ื ื• ื•ืžื’ื ื• ืืช ื”ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืช

ืœืื—ืจ ืชื™ืงื•ื ื™ ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื”ื”ื›ืจื—ื™ื™ื, ืื• ื‘ืžืงื‘ื™ืœ ืืœื™ื”ื, ื™ืฉ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ืžืŸ, ืชืงื™ื ื•ืช, ืžื•ื›ื ื•ืช ื•ืžื•ื’ื ื•ืช ืœืงืจืืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ื—ืฉืžืœ, ืื™ื ืกื˜ืœืฆื™ื”, ื’ื– ื•ืžื™ื–ื•ื’. ืžื” ืฉืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ืžื•ื›ืŸ, ืชื›ื™ื ื• ืขื›ืฉื™ื•. ืืœ ืชื”ืกืกื• ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืจืœื•ื•ื ื˜ื™ื™ื ืฉื™ื™ืชื ื• ืกื™ื•ืข ื•ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื‘ื ื•ืฉื, ื™ืชืงื™ื ื• ืืช ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš, ื•ื‘ืžื™ื“ืช ื”ืฆื•ืจืš ื™ื‘ืฆืขื• ืืช ื”ืชื™ืงื•ื ื™ื ื”ื ื“ืจืฉื™ื. ืœื ืจืง ื—ืฉืžืœืื™ ื•ืื™ื ืกื˜ืœื˜ื•ืจ, ืืœื ื’ื ื˜ื›ื ืื™ ื’ื– ื•ืžื™ื–ื•ื’, ื•ืขื•ื“, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžื” ืฉืขื•ืœื” ื•ืžื” ืฉื ื“ืจืฉ.

ืœืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื•ืœื ืœืงืคื•ืฅ ื™ืฉืจ ืœื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื˜ื™ื—? ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื, ืฉืœืื—ืจ ืžืจื™ื—ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ื›ืœ ืฉื™ื ื•ื™, ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืื• ื”ื•ืกืคื”, ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœื’ืจื•ื ืœื ื–ืง ืœื˜ื™ื—, ืฉื™ืฆืจื™ืš ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ ืฉืœื•. ื—ื‘ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื–ืžืŸ ื•ืขืœ ื”ื›ืกืฃ ืฉืœื›ื.

ืงื™ื‘ื•ืข ืกืจื’ืœื™ ื˜ื™ื— ื•ืžื™ื™ืงื™ื

ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืงื‘ืข ืขืœ ื”ืชืฉืชื™ืช ืžื™ื™ืงื™ื, ืฉื”ื ืคืกื™ื, ืคืจื•ืคื™ืœื™ื ืื• ืกืจื’ืœื™ ื˜ื™ื— ืžืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื. ื”ืžื™ื™ืงื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœื’ืœื•ื•ืŸ ื•ื”ื™ื™ืฉื•ืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืงื™ืจื•ืช ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืขื•ื‘ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื ื“ืจืฉ. ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื• ืชืงื ื™ื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ืžืขืจื›ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ืชืชื ืคื—, ื•ื›ื“ื™ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืงื•ืจื•ื–ื™ื”. ื™ืฉ ืœืขื’ืŸ ืื•ืชื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืžืœื˜ ืžื”ื™ืจ ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืฉ, ืฉื™ืชืงืฉื” ืชื•ืš ืžืกืคืจ ื“ืงื•ืช, ื•ื™ืืคืฉืจ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื•ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื” ื‘ืœื™ ืœื”ืชืขื›ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื“ื™.

ื›ืืžื•ืจ, ื›ืš ื’ื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืžื” ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขื•ื‘ื™ ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื”ืกื•ืคื™, ืœื—ืฉื‘ ื•ืœืชื—ื•ื ืืช ื”ืžื—ื™ืจ ืฉืืชื ืขืชื™ื“ื™ื ืœืฉืœื. ืืชื ื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ื‘ืขืฆื ืžืฆื‘ ื‘ื• ื™ืฉ ื˜ื™ื— ื™ืฉืจ ืžืคื•ืœืก ื‘ืขื•ื‘ื™ ืžืงืกื™ืžืœื™ ืฉืœ 30 ืž”ืž, ื›ืžื• ืฉื ื“ืจืฉ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชืงืŸ, ื‘ืœื™ ืฉื”ืงื‘ืœืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืกื˜ื•ืช ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื›ืš ื›ืœืœ.

ื”ืชืงื ืช ื”ื“ืœืชื•ืช

ื”ืชืงื™ื ื• ืืช ื”ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื–ื”. ื›ืžื• ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช, ื’ื ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื”ื–ื” ืื ืชืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืชื™ืงื•ืŸ, ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ืจ ื ื–ืง ื›ื‘ื“ ืœื–ืžืŸ ื•ืœื›ืกืฃ ืฉืœื›ื. ืื ืžื“ื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื, ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉื”ื“ืœืช ื ืคืชื—ืช ืœื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ื”ืจืฆื•ื™, ื•ื›ื™ ื”ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื”ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื ืžื”ื•ื“ืงื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ืžื, ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœืžืงื•ื ืฉื‘ื• ืขืชื™ื“ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉืงื•ืฃ ื”ื“ืœืช.

ื‘ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื—ื•ืฅ, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ ืฉื”ื“ืœืช ืœื ืžืืคืฉืจืช ืœืžื™ื ืื• ืœื›ืœื•ืš ืœื—ื“ื•ืจ ืคื ื™ืžื”, ื•ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื ืื˜ื•ืžื” ื”ื™ื˜ื‘, ื›ืš ืฉืœื ืชื™ื•ื•ืฆืจ ื—ืœื•ื“ื” ื‘ืžื ื’ื ื•ืŸ ื”ื ืขื™ืœื” ื•ื‘ืฆื™ืจื™ ื”ื“ืœืช. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘ ืฉื”ื–ืžื™ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื”ื–ื” ื”ื™ื ืฉื‘ื•ืข.

ื”ืชืงื ืช ื”ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื”ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื

ื“ื™ื‘ืจื ื• ืขืœ ื”ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื”ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื ื‘ื“ืœืชื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื”ื ื™ืฉ ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื›ืืœื”. ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื• ืื™ืฉ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืฉื™ื™ืงื— ืžื™ื“ื•ืช ื•ื™ื›ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืžืฉืงื•ืคื™ื ื”ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื™ื ืขืœ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ื•ื™ื˜ืจื™ื ื•ืช. ืคื ื• ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ืงื“ื. ื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ื›ืฉื‘ื•ืข – ืฉื‘ื•ืขื™ื™ื.

"ืžื’ื ื•" ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืžืคื ื™ ืœื›ืœื•ืš ื•ืงืœืงื•ืœ

ืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื”ื˜ื™ื— ื’ื•ืจืจืช ืื™ืชื” ืœื›ืœื•ืš ืจื‘. ื‘ื ื•ืกืฃ, ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืžืฆืจื™ืš ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ื›ืœื™ื ื•ืืžืฆืขื™ื ื›ื‘ื“ื™ื ื•ืžื’ื•ืฉืžื™ื, ื›ืžื• ืžืจื™ืฆื•ืช ื•ืคื™ื’ื•ืžื™ื, ื•ื‘ืขื•ื‘ื“ื™ื ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื™ื, ืฉืขืœื•ืœื™ื ืœืคื’ื•ืข ื‘ืกื‘ื™ื‘ืชื. ืœื›ืŸ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ืจื—ื™ืง ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืžืื–ื•ืจ ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื, ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื›ืกื•ืช ืืช ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื ืฉืืจ, ื‘ื ื™ื™ืจ ื“ื‘ืง ืื• ื‘ื ื™ื™ืœื•ืŸ. ืืช ื”ืฆื ืจืช ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื‘ื˜ืŸ, ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืœื ื™ืขืœื• ืขืœื™ื” ื‘ื˜ืขื•ืช ื•ื™ืฉื‘ืจื• ืื•ืชื”.

ืืชื ืœื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ื–ืืช ื‘ืขืฆืžื›ื ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ. ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ื–ื” ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข, ืฉื–ื” ื—ืœืง ืžื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœื”ื. ืกื›ืžื• ื–ืืช ืื™ืชื ืœืคื ื™ ื›ืŸ.

ื”ื–ืžื™ื ื• ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ

ืงื—ื• ื‘ื—ืฉื‘ื•ืŸ ืฉื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ ืœื•ืงื—ืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ื–ืžืŸ. ื•ื’ื ืœืื—ืจ ืฉื›ื‘ืจ ื‘ื—ืจืชื ื•ื”ื–ืžื ืชื, ืœื•ืงื— ื—ื•ื“ืฉื™ื™ื ืขื“ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื’ื™ืข ืืœื™ื›ื. ืœื›ืŸ, ื›ื“ืื™ ืžืื•ื“ ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ื•ืœื”ื–ืžื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ ื›ืžื” ืฉื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ืงื“ื, ืขื•ื“ ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื”ื›ื ื•ืช. ืื—ืจืช ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ื•ืฆืจ ืžืฆื‘ ืฉืกื™ื™ืžืชื ืขื ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ื”ื›ื•ืœ ื›ื‘ืจ ืžื•ื›ืŸ, ื•ืื™ืŸ ืœื›ื ืืจื™ื—ื™ื.

ืฆืœืžื• ืืช ื›ืœ ื—ืœืงื™ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช

ืœืคื ื™ ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื•ืช, ืขื™ื‘ืจื• ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืฆืœืžื• ืืช ื”ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืชื™ืงื ืชื ื•ืขื‘ื“ืชื ืขืœื™ื”ื. ื“ืื’ืชื ืœื›ืš ืฉื”ื›ื•ืœ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืชืงื™ืŸ. ื ื”ื“ืจ. ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื’ื ื™ืฉ ืœื›ื ืชื™ืขื•ื“. ืฉื™ืžืจื• ืืช ื”ืชืžื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื‘ื˜ื•ื—, ื›ืžื• ืขื ืŸ. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื•ื™ืฉ ื˜ืขื•ืช ื‘ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื”ื˜ื™ื—, ืœืžืฉืœ, ื›ื™ืกื•ื™ ืื—ื“ ื”ืฉืงืขื™ื, ืชื•ื›ืœื• ืœืฉืœื•ืฃ ื•ืœื”ืจืื•ืช. ืื ื™ืฉ ื ื–ืง ื—ืžื•ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื”ืชื™ืขื•ื“ ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื•ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืžื ื•ืข ื”ืจื‘ื” ื›ืื‘ื™ ืจืืฉ ื‘ื”ืžืฉืš ื‘ื”ืชื ื”ืœื•ืช ืžื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื™ื™ื—. ืืœ ืชืชืขืฆืœื•, ื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ื‘ืกืš ื”ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืžื” ื“ืงื•ืช. ย 

ื ื™ืงื•ื™ ื”ืคืกื•ืœืช

ื˜ื™ื— ื”ื•ื ืžืœื›ืœืš, ื›ื‘ืจ ืืžืจื ื•, ื•ืœื›ืŸ ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืกื›ื ืขื ื”ื˜ื™ื™ื— ืฉื™ื ืงื” ืืช ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ืกื•ืฃ ื›ืœ ื™ื•ื ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”. ืื ื™ืžืชื™ืŸ ืœืกื•ืฃ, ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ื• ืœื”ืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื›ื‘ื“, ื›ืžื• ืงื•ื ื’ื•, ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื–ื™ืง ืœืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื™ืช. ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ืงืคื™ื“ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ ืขืœ ื”ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœืง ื”ืขืœื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช.

ื›ืžื• ื›ืŸ, ืœืื—ืจ ืกื™ื•ื ื”ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”, ืกื›ืžื• ืขื ื”ื˜ื™ื™ื— ืฉื™ืคื ื” ืืช ื”ืคืกื•ืœืช ืœืืชืจ ืžื•ืจืฉื”. ื ื™ืชืŸ ื’ื ืœืชืื ืžื›ื•ืœื” ืฉืชืฉืžืฉ ืœืคื™ื ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืกื•ืœืช ืฉื ื•ืชืจื”.

ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ

ืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื”ื›ื•ืœ ืžื•ื›ืŸ, ื•ืืชื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉืฆืจื™ืš ืœื“ืขืช, ื”ื’ื™ืข ื”ื–ืžืŸ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ. ืฉื™ืžื• ืœื‘, ื”ืชืื–ืจื• ื‘ืกื‘ืœื ื•ืช, ื”ืชืงื“ืžื• ืœืื˜, ืคื ื• ืœืื ืฉื™ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืข ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื, ื”ืกื‘ื™ืจื• ืœื”ื ืžื” ืืชื ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ื•ืจื•ืฆื™ื, ื”ืชื™ื™ืขืฆื• ืื™ืชื, ื”ืงืฉื™ื‘ื• ืœื”ื, ื•ืฉื™ืœื—ื• ืื•ืชื ืœืขื‘ื•ื“. ื‘ืกื•ืคื• ืฉืœ ื“ื‘ืจ ื–ื” ื™ืฉืชืœื ืขื‘ื•ืจื›ื ื•ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืœื›ื. ืขื•ื“ ืงืฆืช ื•ืืชื ืฉื. ื‘ื”ืฆืœื—ื”.

ืžื“ืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข

ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ

ืขืœื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

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ื ืกืคื— ืกื ื™ื˜ืจื™ ืœื”ื™ืชืจ ื‘ื ื™ื”

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ื”ื“ืžื™ื” ืชืœืช ืžื™ืžื“ื™ืช

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ื—ื™ืžื•ื ืชืช ืจืฆืคืชื™

ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื” ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

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ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืขื‘ื“ื” ืœื”ื™ืชืจ ื‘ื ื™ื”

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Hands saving small house with a roof

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ืฉืœื‘ ื”ืฉืœื“ ื•ืชืฉืชื™ื•ืช

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ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืกื›ื ื˜ื™ื—

ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื”ืกื›ื ื˜ื™ื—

ืชื•ื›ืŸ ืขื ื™ื ื™ื™ื ื˜ื™ื— ืœื‘ื™ืช ื˜ื™ื— ืฉื—ื•ืจ ืขืงืจื•ื ื•ืช ืœื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื˜ื™ื— ื˜ื™ื— ื’ื‘ืก ื˜ื™ืคื™ื...
ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

ืื ืืชื ื‘ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™, ืืชื ื‘ื˜ื— ื›ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื, ื›ื™ ื”ื”ื•ืฆืื” ื”ื›ืกืคื™ืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื™ื”...
ืงื‘ืœืŸ ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

ืงื‘ืœืŸ ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

ื’ื ืื ื›ื‘ืจ ืงืจืืชื ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืื—ืจ, ื›ื“ืื™ ืœืฆื™ื™ืŸ ืฉื•ื‘ – ื”ื•ืฆืื•ืช...
10 ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

10 ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™

ืืœื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ื ืœื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ ื–ื” ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื—ืœื•ื ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ื’ื ื“ืœืชื•ืช ื”ื–ื–ื”, ืคืจื’ื•ืœื•ืช...
ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืžืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ

10 ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืฉื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืžืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ

ืžืขื‘ื“ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื˜ื•ืŸ ื ื•ืชื ื•ืช ืืช ืื—ื“ ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ื”ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื•ืจืš...
ืžื” ื–ื” ื—ื™ืžื•ื ืชืช ืจืฆืคืชื™ ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืžื™ื

ืžื” ื–ื” ื—ื™ืžื•ื ืชืช ืจืฆืคืชื™ ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืžื™ื?

ืžืขืจื›ืช ื—ื™ืžื•ื ืชืช ืจืฆืคืชื™ ืขืœ ื‘ืกื™ืก ืžื™ื ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžืฆื™ื ื•ืจื•ืช ืขืžื™ื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™...

ืฉืœื‘ ื”ื’ืžืจื™ื

ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื‘ืกื™ื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”

ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ ืžืงืฆื•ืขื™ ื‘ืกื™ื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”

ื‘ืฉืขื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื•ืžื•ืฆืœื—ืช ื”ื’ืขืชื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ื ื™ืงื™ื•ืŸ๐Ÿ˜Š ืื—ืจื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื‘ืœืื’ืŸ, ื‘ืขืœื™ ื”ืžืงืฆื•ืข...
ื’ื ื‘ื™ื ืจืื• ื”ื•ื–ื”ืจืชื

ื’ื ื‘ื™ื ืจืื• ื”ื•ื–ื”ืจืชื

ื”ืžื“ืจื™ืš ืœืžื™ื’ื•ืŸ ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื’ื ื‘ื™ื, ืจืื• ื”ื•ื–ื”ืจืชื! ืืคืฉืจ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืคืจื™ืฆื” ืœื‘ื™ืช...
ื‘ืจื™ืงื™ื ื•ืื‘ื ื™ ืกื™ืœื™ืงื˜

ื‘ืจื™ืงื™ื ื•ืื‘ื ื™ ืกื™ืœื™ืงื˜

ืžื” ื”ื ื‘ืจื™ืงื™ื ื•ืื‘ื ื™ ืกื™ืœื™ืงื˜? ืื– ื”ื ื”, ื’ื ืืชื ื”ื’ืขืชื ืœื˜ืจื ื“ ื”ื—ื–ืง ืฉืœ...
ืงื‘ืœืŸ ื’ืžืจื™ื

ืงื‘ืœืŸ ื’ืžืจื™ื

ืžื” ื–ื” ืงื‘ืœืŸ ื’ืžืจื™ื? ื‘ื›ืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืคืจื˜ื™ ื™ืฉ ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืขื“ ืœืกื™ื•ื...
ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืฉืœื™ื›ื˜ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™

ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืฉืœื™ื›ื˜ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™

ื›ืœ ืžื” ืฉื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืฉืœื™ื›ื˜ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ืขื ื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื™ื›ื˜ ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™...

ืฉืœื‘ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื”ื‘ื™ืช

ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื›ื

ื‘ื™ืช ื—ื›ื

ื›ื™ื•ื ื‘ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืžื•ื“ืจื ื™ ืื ื—ื ื• ืจื’ื™ืœื™ื ืœืื•ื˜ื•ืžืฆื™ื”, ืชืคืขื•ืœ ืžื™ื™ื“ื™ ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืฉืขื•ื‘ื“...
ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉืชื“ืขื• ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืงื•ื ื™ื ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืช

ืžื” ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืขืœ ืคืจื–ื•ืœื™ื ื•ืžื ืขื•ืœื™ื ืœื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื

ืงืจื” ืœื›ื ืคืขื ืฉื‘ืืชื ืœื—ื ื•ืช ืฉืžื•ื›ืจืช ืžื ืขื•ืœ ืœื“ืœืช ืคื ื™ื ื•ืคืจื–ื•ืœ ื•ื”ืจื’ืฉืชื...
ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ืฉืชื“ืขื• ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืงื•ื ื™ื ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ืœื‘ื™ืช

ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื

ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ื—ื•ืžืจื™ื ืื ื—ื ื• ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืจื›ื™ืฉืช ื“ืœืชื•ืช ืคื ื™ื ื•ื›ืœ ื ืฆื™ื’ื™...
ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื

115 ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžืขื•ืœื™ื ืœืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžื˜ื‘ื—

ื‘ื•ื ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืขืœ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืžื˜ื‘ื— ื—ืœื•ืžื™ ืชื›ื ื•ืŸ ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื— ืื™...
ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžื ืฆื—ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ ื”ื‘ื™ืช

ื˜ื™ืคื™ื ืžื ืฆื—ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ ื”ื‘ื™ืช

ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ื ืชืžืงื“ ื‘ืžื” ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืฉื™ื ืœื‘ ืœืคื ื™ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืžืชืงื“ืžื™ื ืœืฉืœื‘ ื”ืจื™ืฆื•ืฃ,...
ืงื‘ืœื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”

ืงื‘ืœื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”

ืื™ืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉืžืฆืืชื™ ืืช ืื•ืชื” ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื—ืฆื™ ืžื—ื™ืจ? ืœืงื•ื—ื” ื›ื•ืขืกืช ืคื ืชื”...
ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื•ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืงื•ืจื•ื ื”

ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื•ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืงื•ืจื•ื ื”

ื”ื‘ื•ืจืกื”ย ืฆื•ื ื—ืช ืฆื ื™ื—ื” ื—ื•ืคืฉื™ืช, ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืขืžื•ืง ื‘ืชื•ืš ื‘ื”ืœืช ื”ืงื•ืจื•ื ื”, ื–ื”...
ื˜ื•ืคืก 4

ื˜ื•ืคืก 4

ืžื” ื–ื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื˜ื•ืคืก 4? ื˜ื•ืคืก 4ย ื”ื•ื ื”ื˜ื•ืคืก ื”ืžื™ื•ื—ืœ ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ื•ื ื” ืคืจื˜ื™ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ...
ืฆื‘ืข ื‘ืชื ื•ืจ

ืฆื‘ืข ื‘ืชื ื•ืจ

ื”ืื ื’ื ืืชื ืžื”ืžื›ื•ืจื™ื ืœืฆื‘ืข ื‘ืชื ื•ืจ? ื”ื ืกืคื— ื”ื‘ืœืชื™ ื ืคืจื“ ืฉืœ ืจื”ื™ื˜ื™ื ื•ืœืขื™ืชื™ื...
ืื™ืš ื”ืงื•ืจื•ื ื” ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ

ืื™ืš ื”ืงื•ืจื•ื ื” ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื™ืคื•ืฅ

ืื™ืš ื”ืงื•ืจื•ื ื” ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ืขื•ืœื ื”ืฉื™ืคื•ืฆื™ื ื•ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ืช?! ื”ืงื•ืจื•ื ื”...
ื’ื‘ืจื™ืืœ ืชื•ืจืŸ ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ืืชืจ ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื”
ื’ื‘ืจื™ืืœ ืชื•ืจืŸ
ืžื™ื™ืกื“ ืืชืจ ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื”

ื—ื™ ืืช ืชื—ื•ื ื”ื ื“ืœ"ืŸ ื”ื—ืœ ืžืฉื ืช 2005 ื•ื‘ื ื” ืืช ื‘ื™ืชื• ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ ื•ืฉืจื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืกืคืจ๐Ÿ™‚
ืžื ืกื™ื•ื ื• ื”ืขืฉื™ืจ ืžืชื—ื•ื ื”ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”, ื ื•ืœื“ ืืชืจ ื”ืžื•ืžื—ื” ืžืชื•ืš ืชืฉื•ืงื” ืœื”ื“ืจื™ืš ื•ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ื”ืคืจื˜ื™ ื‘ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืžื' ืขื“ ืช'
ืžืื—ื•ืจื™ ื”ืงืœืขื™ื: ื ืฉื•ื™ + 3 ื•ื—ื•ื‘ื‘ ืืคื™ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉื‘ืข.

ื’ืœื™ืœื” ืœืžืขืœื”